“According to CMIE (Centre for monitoring Indian economy) report, India’s unemployment rate has risen up to 7.2 percent in February 2019.”
Is unemployment India’s one of the biggest issues? Of course!
Does India have not enough employment? Well, the answer of the second question may be quite surprising and it will compel you to rethink before ranting on the issue of unemployment.
On 15th August 2019, India would celebrate its 73rd Independence Day but still as a developing country, which has a poor economy as compared to other developing nations. Also, India is a young nation because 70% population of India are youths and consequently, the biggest issue is also related to youths.
There’s no denying the fact that unemployment is the national issue by which Indian youths are suffering constantly for the last few decades. The very fact that the issue of unemployment can be resolved by increasing employment. The strong establishment of startup culture and new job opportunities are needed to invoke on the ground.
Notwithstanding, creating employment is not the sole solution to deal with unemployment. According to the survey of ASER (Annual status of education report) in 2017, only 17% of youths are employable in India; to whom the job can be given. This survey is done after the sampling of 28,000 aspirants coming from all parts of India.
The employability factor is the core reason for the increasing rate of unemployment in recent years. If we talk about the low rate employability, it’s the subsequent return of our poor education system and policies.
In terms of technology, infrastructure, and economy, we have been developed so far in the last ten years. But the structure and framework of the Indian education system are still the same as it was in the past. We are still following the same approach of learning and methodology. The education management hasn’t brought any effective implementation to complement the dependency of employment on education.
For instance, when the low attendance was marked in boards and universities, the supreme court took the verdict of 75% attendance, which is now mandatory for the students to appear in exams. Consequently, the students, nowadays, will have to attend the college by compulsion, not by the interest or choice. Why can’t our universities and colleges make the curriculum so interesting that the students attend the classes by their choice, not by the compulsion of 75% attendance?
Eventually, the root of the problem lies in our education system. A compatible and strong structure of the education system is required for the aspirants. Several old, poor, and ineffective education policies need to be amended. Along with the creation of new job opportunities, the employability of the aspirants needs to be raised. Education management has to focus strongly on vocational training and skill development.
“Indian education framework needs to change completely.” -Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam